Energy market 3 May 2022 • 5 minutes
Since the liberalisation of the Walloon energy market in 2007, consumers, who previously only had dealings with a single point of contact, their intermunicipal body, and a single producer, ENGIE (previously Electrabel), now have to deal with a range of new actors.
The energy market is not always easy to comprehend. From distribution network operators (DNOs) to energy suppliers, regulators and mediation bodies, it can be hard to know who to contact to have a meter connected, to change supplier or to make a complaint if there is an error with a meter reading. Follow the guide!
The producers produce the electricity which they then sell to the energy suppliers.
In Belgium, electricity is produced:
As for natural gas, this is currently imported from the Netherlands, Great Britain, Norway, Russia and countries that produce liquefied natural gas (Qatar); from 2019, when we convert from lean gas to rich gas, this list will no longer include the Netherlands.
The transmission system operators (TSO) are responsible for transporting gas and/or electricity via high-voltage power lines and high-pressure gas pipelines:
As an end consumer, you cannot contact the TSOs directly.
The distribution network operators (DNO) transport the electricity and natural gas from the high-voltage/high-pressure power lines and pipelines to the low-voltage/low-pressure power lines and pipelines, and then to your house.
They also look after the maintenance and development of the infrastructure (power lines and gas pipelines). The DNO to which you belong depends on which residential area you are in:
Click here to check who your distribution network operator (DNO) is.
As an end consumer, you need to contact your DNO if you have any queries about your gas or electricity meter. The DNOs are responsible for:
The energy suppliers purchase (wholesale) the gas and/or electricity from the energy producers and sell it (retail) to Belgian households.
Did you know? In Wallonia, since the liberalisation of the market in 2007, you can change supplier whenever you want (and, since September 2012, free of charge)! Make immediate savings on your energy bill by comparing the different prices offered by the suppliers.
As an end consumer, you need to contact your supplier if you have any queries about your energy bill. Your gas and/or electricity supplier sets the prices per kWh that will determine the amount you have to pay for your consumption.
The regulators (federal and regional) ensure that the gas and electricity markets function properly.
Their role is to supervise the market actors (including approving the transmission tariffs set by Elia and Fluxys) and give advice to the public authorities, thereby ensuring that the interests of Belgian consumers are respected.
If you have a dispute with your distribution network operator (DNO) and/or with your energy supplier, there are two mediation services operating concurrently in Belgium which can help you file your complaint.
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